Interesting Facts re: Investing in an Election Year

Interesting Facts re: Investing in an Election Year

March 08, 2024

As the presidential race heats up, there is a common question on investors' minds: "How might the looming White House vote impact the markets?"

Some may wonder if they should tweak their portfolio or sit tight with the uncertainty ahead. It’s a difficult question to answer.

From 1928 to 2020, the Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 has posted positive results in 20 of the 24 election years. The chart below gives us a bit of a history lesson. But it should also serve as a reminder that past performance doesn’t guarantee future results.1

Stock performance outside of election years

Although election years have typically been positive for stocks, interestingly, the best year in a four-year presidential cycle has usually been the third year, followed by year four, then year two, and finally, year one.1

Economists have theories about the reasons for this. They say the first year of a term sees a recently elected president working to fulfill campaign promises, whereas the final two years are all about campaigning and trying to strengthen the economy before voters go to the polls.1

Do the markets care who wins the presidency?

If the past is a prologue, it won’t matter much to the stock market whether the next president has an (R) or a (D) after their name.

What generally matters more to the markets in the three months after a new president and Congress have taken office is the makeup of the government, how it is divided between the two major parties, and the extent of that division.2

As the table below shows, Democratic control of the White House and either Republican or split control of Congress has corresponded with the most positive returns above the market’s long-term average. Conversely, Republican control of the White House and Democratic or split control of Congress has resulted in returns below the market’s long-term average.2

As mentioned above, it’s important to remember that past performance doesn’t guarantee future results. The 2024 election may mirror historical averages, or it may deviate from the trends.

Economic and inflation trends matter more than elections

How election results have affected the stock market over time is interesting. Still, data suggests that economic and inflation trends tend to have a more consistent relationship with market performance than who wins in November.2

While it might be tempting to use events like an election to influence an investment strategy, this may not be the best approach. So, don’t let short-term occurrences like elections distract you.

The best strategy is to have a well-thought-out approach to investing, a diversified portfolio, and a mix of asset classes that reflect your goals, time horizon, and risk tolerance. Keep in mind, however, that asset allocation and diversification are approaches to manage investment risk and not a guarantee against investment loss.

As always, we are here for you and are committed to developing a financial strategy to help you pursue your short- and long-term goals. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact our team for any reason.

1. TheBalance.com, March 13, 2022. The S&P 500 Composite Index is an unmanaged index that is considered representative of the overall U.S. stock market. Index performance is not indicative of the past performance of a particular investment. Individuals cannot invest directly in an index. The return and principal value of stock prices will fluctuate as market conditions change. And shares, when sold, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

2. USBank.com, 2024

This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. FMG Suite is not affiliated with the named broker-dealer, state- or SEC-registered investment advisory firm.